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Children's Day | Jawaharlal Nehru | Children's Day 2022 | Happy Children's Day



Children's Day:


Children's Day is an important day celebrated every year in honor of children, the date of which varies from country to country. In 1925, International Children's Day was first declared during the World Conference on Child Welfare in Geneva. Since 1950, it has been celebrated on June 1 in most communist and post-communist countries. World Children's Day is celebrated on November 20 to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1959. In some countries, it's Children's Week and not Children's Day.



History:

Origin:

Children's Day was started on the second Sunday of June in 1857 by reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts: Leonard dedicated to children and held a special service for children. Leonard named the day Rose Day, although it was later named Flower Sunday, and then Children's Day.

Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1920 with the scheduled date of April 23. Children's Day has been celebrated nationally since 1920, with the government and newspapers of the time declaring it a day for children. However, it was decided that an official confirmation was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official announcement was made at the national level in 1929 by the founder and president of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk.


Global adoption:


June 1 was established as the International Day for the Protection of Children by the International Democratic Federation of Women in Moscow. Since 1950, June 1 is celebrated as Children's Day in many countries.

On 14 December 1954, a joint resolution was passed in the United Nations General Assembly by India and Uruguay to encourage all countries to establish Universal Children's Day,

First - to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and

Second - to initiate proceedings to promote the ideals of the UN Charter and the welfare of children around the world. On 20 November 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. World Children's Day is celebrated on November 20 to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1959.


Recent initiatives:

  • Universal Children's Day is not just a day for children to celebrate who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the world who have experienced violence in the form of abuse, exploitation and discrimination. In some countries children are used as laborers,

  • Currently, there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labour. In 1999 the International Labour Organization adopted the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including slavery, child prostitution and child pornography.

  • A summary of rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website.

  • The UN children's agency released a study that says that the population growth of children will make up 90 percent of the next billion people.


Dates around the world:


The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country.

On November 20, 1959, the United Nations General Assembly declared World Children's Day on November 20 to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child.


Children's Day of India:


Children's Day is celebrated all over India to raise awareness about children's rights, care and education. It is celebrated every year on November 14 as a tribute to India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Fondly known as "Chacha Nehru" among children, Jawaharlal Nehru advocated for children to get a full education.

On this day, many educational and motivational programs are organized by and for children all over India.






Nehru's social policies:


Education:


Jawaharlal Nehru was a passionate advocate of education for India's children and youth, who considered it essential for India's future progress. His government oversaw the establishment of several institutions of higher education, including the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management and National Institutes of Technology.

Nehru also underlined a commitment in his five-year plans to guarantee free and compulsory primary education to all children in India. For this purpose, Nehru oversaw the creation of large-scale rural enrolment programmes and the construction of thousands of schools. Nehru had also launched initiatives like providing free milk and food to children to fight malnutrition.



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