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Diwali | Deepavali 2022 | Diwali Puja 2022 | Lights | Diya | Cracker |


Deepawali (Sanskrit: Deepavalih = Deep + Avalih = row of lamps, or lamps placed in a row) is an ancient Sanatan festival celebrated every year in autumn. It is celebrated on the Amavasya of Kartik month and is one of the biggest and most important festivals of India. Deepawali is the festival of lights. Spiritually it signifies the 'victory of light over darkness'. Among all the festivals celebrated in India, Deepawali is of great importance both socially and religiously. It is also called Deepotsav. 'Tamso Ma Jyotirgamaya' means (Oh God!) lead me from darkness to light. This is the command of the Upanishads. It is also celebrated by the people of Sikh, Buddhist and Jain religion. People of Jainism celebrate it as Mahavir's Salvation Day and the Sikh community celebrates it as Bandi Chhor Diwas.

It is believed that on the day of Deepawali, King Ram of Ayodhya returned after his fourteen years of exile. The hearts of the people of Ayodhya were filled with the arrival of their most beloved king. The people of Ayodhya lit ghee lamps to welcome Shri Ram. That night of the dense Kali Amavasya of Kartik month was illuminated with the light of lamps. Since then, Indians celebrate this festival of lights every year with joy and gaiety. Indians believe that truth always wins, lies are destroyed. This is what Deepawali does Deepawali is a festival of cleanliness and light. Preparations for Deepawali begin several weeks in advance. People start cleaning their houses, shops etc. The work of repair, painting, whitewashing etc. starts in the houses. People also decorate shops cleanly. The streets in the markets are also decorated with golden flags. Even before Diwali, houses, localities, markets are all clean and decorated.

Word origin:

The word Deepawali is derived from a mixture of two Sanskrit words 'Deep' i.e. 'Diya' and 'Avali' i.e. 'Line' or 'Series'. It is important to know here that the use of each pure word depends on its meaning. The pure word is "Deepawali", which is made up of 'deep' (lamp) and 'avali' (row). Which means 'row of lamps'. The word 'lamp' is composed from 'lamp'.


Since ancient times in India, Deepawali was depicted as a festival after the summer harvest in the Kartik month of Vikram Samvat. Deepawali is mentioned in Padma Purana and Skanda Purana. It is believed that these texts were written in the second half of the first millennium by elaborating any central text. The diya (lamp) is considered to represent the parts of the Sun in the Skanda Purana, the Sun which is the cosmic giver of light and energy for life and which changes its position in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar.In some areas, Hindus also associate Deepawali with the story of Yama and Nachiketa. Nachiketa's narrative that tells about right versus wrong, knowledge versus ignorance, true wealth versus transient wealth, etc.;

The history of Deepawali is also associated with Ramayana, it is believed that Shri Ram Chandra ji got Mother Sita released from ravana's captivity, and then took 14 years of exile after taking the fire test of Mother Sita and returned to Ayodhya. On the occasion of which the people of Ayodhya had lit lamps, since then the festival of Deepawali is celebrated. But you will be very surprised to know that Deepawali was celebrated only for 2 years in Ayodhya.


Diwali is one of the biggest shopping seasons in Nepal and India; During this time, people buy expensive items like cars and gold ornaments and clothes, gifts, equipment, etc. for themselves and their families. People usually give sweets and dry fruits as gifts to their family members and friends. On this day children hear from their parents and elders about ancient stories, narratives, myths about the battle between good and evil or light and darkness. During this time, girls and women make rangoli and other creative patterns on the floor, near the door and on the paths. Young and adult assist each other in fireworks and lighting.

The goddess of wealth and prosperity – Lakshmi or more than one deity is worshipped. On Diwali night, fireworks light up the sky. Later, family members and invited friends celebrate Deepawali at night with food and sweets. Changes in practices and customs are found on a regional basis.

Spiritual significance

The Yoga, Vedanta, and Sankhya philosophy of Hindus believe that beyond this material body and mind there is something that is pure, eternal, and eternal which has been called the atmanya atma. Deepawali is a celebration of inner light over spiritual darkness, knowledge over ignorance, truth over untruth and good over evil.


Historical importance

Economic importance

Group of Festivals Deepawali:

Fairs are held at various places in India on the day of Deepawali. Deepawali is not a one-day festival but a group of festivals. Preparations for Deepawali begin only after Dussehra. People get new clothes stitched. The festival of Dhanteras comes two days before Deepawali. On this day, people gather all over the markets. Special decorations and crowds are seen at the kitchen shops. It is considered auspicious to buy utensils on the day of Dhanteras, so every family buys something according to their own needs. On this day, tulsi or a lamp is lit at the door of the house. This leads to Narak Chaturdashi or Chhoti Deepawali the next day. On this day, lamps are lit for Yama Puja.

Diwali comes the next day. On this day, a variety of dishes are made in homes since morning. Idols of Kheel-Batashe, sweets, Khand toys, Lakshmi-Ganesh etc. are sold in the markets. Fireworks and firecracker shops are decorated everywhere. From the morning, people start distributing sweets and gifts at the homes of relatives, friends, relatives. On the evening of Deepawali, Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshiped. After the puja, people keep lamps and candles lit outside their homes.

The lamps shining around look extremely beautiful. Markets and streets are illuminated with colorful electric bulbs.

On the next day of Deepawali, Lord Shri Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain on his finger and saved the drowning Brajwasis from Indra's wrath. On this day, people decorate their cows and bulls and worship them by making a mountain of cow dung. The next day is the festival of Bhai Dooj. Bhai Dooj is also known as Yama II. On this day, there is a tradition of bathing in the Yamuna river by adding knots of brother and sister. On this day, the sister applies tilak on her brother's head and wishes for his well-being and the brother also gives her a gift in response.

On the second day of Deepawali, traders change their old books.


This festival of victory of light over darkness spreads the message of joy, brotherhood and love in the society. This festival is a special festival celebrated both collectively and individually, which has religious, cultural and social uniqueness. The reasons and ways of celebrating Deepawali are different in every province or region, but this festival has been going on for many generations everywhere.

How to Do Deepavali Puja :

First of all, lay the idols of Ganesha and Lakshmi Mata in the middle of the red cloth laid on the post. Carefully place Lakshmi ji on the right side of Ganesha and keep the face of both the idols towards east and west direction. Now put gold and silver ornaments and 5 silver coins in front of both the idols as per the wish. This silver coin is the form of Kuber ji. On the right side of the idol of Lakshmi ji, make ashtadal from the achhat, that is, eight directions made with the finger from the middle to the outside and then place the kalash filled with water on it.

Put some sandalwood panchratna betel nut mango or banana leaves inside the kalash and place the coconut tied to mauli in it. Fill clean water in a water vessel and tie mauli in it and add a little Ganga water to it. After this, place the rest of the worship material in front of the post. Put desi ghee in two large diyas and prepare mustard oil in eleven small diyas. Make a seat next to the outpost for all the people of the house to sit. Keep in mind that all these works will have to be done before the auspicious muhurat starts. Before the auspicious muhurat starts, all the people of the house should take a bath and wear new clothes and get ready and take the asana.

Air pollution and other worrisome aspects:

Along with other major festivals of the world, the impact of Deepawali on the environment and health is worth worrying.

Air pollution

According to scholars, there is not so much air pollution during fireworks as after fireworks. Which is found to be about four times worse than the level of pre-Diwali each time and twice the average level of normal days. This study shows that fine dust particles (en:PM2.5) are present in the air after fireworks. This pollution level lasts for a day, and pollutant concentrations begin to return to actual levels after 24 h.

Incidents of burns

There has been an increase in burn injuries in India during Diwali fireworks. A firework called pomegranate has been found to cause 65% of injuries. Most adults are victims of it. Newspapers recommend spraying cold water immediately on the burnt part to help reduce the effects with proper nursing on the wound.


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