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    This "CTET SYLLABUS" Blog of ours is personal blog for those candidates who are collecting information about CTET SYLLABUS for the preparation of CTET 2022-23 examination. This is very important to them. Please help us to share this CTET SYLLABUS as much as possible so that all the candidates can get CTET SYLLABUS in time. The CTET syllabus consists of two papers, and each paper consists of five sections or subjects. Paper 1 – It is for the recruitment of teachers for Classes I to V. Paper 2 – It is for the recruitment of teachers for Classes VI to VIII. Note: For Detailed CTET SYLLABUS of classes l-VIII, please refer to NCERT syllabus and textbooks. Click for CTET SYLLABUS PAPER 2 in Hindi WATCH OUR VIDEO Subscribe Techgotest and press 🛎 Icon and select all for more personal blog. (4) Techgotest - YouTube Visit our website Follow us on twitter Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Instagram Follow us on Facebook Page Follow us on LinkedIn Page Follow us on LinkedIn Follow us on Telegram

  • CTET Syllabus Paper 1st at

    This blog of CTET Syllabus for those candidates who are collecting information about CTET syllabus for the preparation of CTET 2022-23 examination. This is very important to them. Please help us to share this blog as much as possible so that all the candidates can get CTET syllabus in time. The CTET syllabus consists of two papers, and each paper consists of five sections or subjects. Paper 1 – It is for the recruitment of teachers for Classes I to V. Paper 2 – It is for the recruitment of teachers for Classes VI to VIII. Watch 📹 STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF CTET SYLLABUS: Paper I (for classes 1 to V) Primary Stage I. Child Development and Pedagogy: 30 Questions a) Child Development (Primary School Child): 15 Questions • Concept of development and its relationship with learning. • Principles of the development of children. • Influence of Heredity & Environment. • Socialization processes: Social world & children (Teacher, Parents, Peers). • Piaget, Kohlberg and Vygotsky: constructs and critical perspectives. • Concepts of child-centered and progressive education. • Critical perspective of the construct of Intelligence. • Multi-Dimensional Intelligence. • Language & thought. • Gender as a social construct; gender roles, gender-bias and educational practice • Individual differences among learners, understanding differences based on diversity of language, caste, gender, community, religion etc. • Distinction between Assessment for learning and assessment of learning. School-Based Assessment, Continuous & Comprehensive Evaluation: perspective and practice. • Formulating appropriate questions for assessing readiness levels of learners; for enhancing learning and critical thinking in the classroom and for assessing learner achievement. b) Concept of Inclusive education and understanding children with special needs: 5 Questions Addressing learners from diverse backgrounds including disadvantaged and deprived. Addressing the needs of children with learning difficulties, „impairment‟ etc. Addressing the Talented, Creative, especially abled Learners. c) Learning and Pedagogy 10 Questions How children think and learn; how and why children “fail‟ to achieve success in school performance. Basic processes of teaching and learning; children’s strategies of learning; learning as a social activity; social context of learning. Child as a problem solver and a “scientific investigator‟. Alternative conceptions of learning in children, understanding children’s “errors” as significant steps in the learning process. Cognition & Emotions. Motivation and learning. Factors contributing to learning - personal & environmental. II. Language I 30 Questions (a) Language Comprehension: 15 Questions Reading unseen passages - two passages one prose or drama and one poem with questions on comprehension, inference, grammar and verbal ability (Prose passage may be literary, scientific, narrative or discursive). (b) Pedagogy of Language Development: 15 Questions • Learning and acquisition. • Principles of language Teaching. • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool. • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form. • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders. • Language Skills. • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing. • Teaching- learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom. • Remedial Teaching. III. Language - II 30 Questions (a) Comprehension: 15 Questions Two unseen prose passages (discursive or literary or narrative or scientific) with question on comprehension, grammar and verbal ability. (b) Pedagogy of Language Development: 15 Questions • Learning and acquisition. • Principles of language Teaching. • Role of listening and speaking; function of language and how children use it as a tool. • Critical perspective on the role of grammar in learning a language for communicating ideas verbally and in written form. • Challenges of teaching language in a diverse classroom; language difficulties, errors and disorders. • Language Skills. • Evaluating language comprehension and proficiency: speaking, listening, reading and writing. • Teaching - learning materials: Textbook, multi-media materials, multilingual resource of the classroom. • Remedial Teaching. IV Mathematics: 30 Questions (a) Content: 15 Questions • Geometry. • Shapes & Spatial Understanding. • Solids around Us. • Numbers. • Addition and Subtraction. • Multiplication. • Division. • Measurement. • Weight. • Time. • Volume. • Data Handling. • Patterns. • Money. (b) Pedagogical issues: 15 Questions • Nature of Mathematics/Logical thinking; understanding children’s thinking and reasoning patterns and strategies of making meaning and learning. • Place of Mathematics in Curriculum. • Language of Mathematics. • Community Mathematics. • Evaluation through formal and informal methods. • Problems of Teaching. • Error analysis and related aspects of learning and teaching. • Diagnostic and Remedial Teaching. V. Environmental Studies: 30 Questions (a) Content: 15 Questions i. Family and Friends: Relationships Work and Play Animals Plants. ii. Food. iii. Shelter. iv. Water. v. Travel. vi. Things We Make and Do. (b) Pedagogical Issues: 15 Questions • Concept and scope of EVS. • Significance of EVS, integrated EVS. • Environmental Studies & Environmental Education. • Learning Principles. • Scope & relation to Science & Social Science. • Approaches of presenting concepts. • Activities. • Experimentation/Practical Work. • Discussion. • CCE. • Teaching material/Aids. • Problems Note: For Detailed CTET syllabus of classes l-VIII, please refer to NCERT syllabus and textbooks. Subscribe Techgotest and press 🛎 Icon and select all. (4) Techgotest - YouTube Visit our website Follow us on twitter Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Instagram Follow us on Facebook Page Follow us on LinkedIn Page Follow us on LinkedIn Follow us on Telegram

  • Children's Day | Jawaharlal Nehru | Children's Day 2022 | Happy Children's Day

    Children's Day: Children's Day is an important day celebrated every year in honor of children, the date of which varies from country to country. In 1925, International Children's Day was first declared during the World Conference on Child Welfare in Geneva. Since 1950, it has been celebrated on June 1 in most communist and post-communist countries. World Children's Day is celebrated on November 20 to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1959. In some countries, it's Children's Week and not Children's Day. See more information and other videos History: Origin: Children's Day was started on the second Sunday of June in 1857 by reverend Dr. Charles Leonard, pastor of the Universalist Church of the Redeemer in Chelsea, Massachusetts: Leonard dedicated to children and held a special service for children. Leonard named the day Rose Day, although it was later named Flower Sunday, and then Children's Day. Children's Day was first officially declared a national holiday by the Republic of Turkey in 1920 with the scheduled date of April 23. Children's Day has been celebrated nationally since 1920, with the government and newspapers of the time declaring it a day for children. However, it was decided that an official confirmation was needed to clarify and justify this celebration and the official announcement was made at the national level in 1929 by the founder and president of the Republic of Turkey, Mustafa Kemal Ataturk. Global adoption: June 1 was established as the International Day for the Protection of Children by the International Democratic Federation of Women in Moscow. Since 1950, June 1 is celebrated as Children's Day in many countries. On 14 December 1954, a joint resolution was passed in the United Nations General Assembly by India and Uruguay to encourage all countries to establish Universal Children's Day, First - to promote mutual exchange and understanding among children and Second - to initiate proceedings to promote the ideals of the UN Charter and the welfare of children around the world. On 20 November 1959, the United Nations adopted the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. World Children's Day is celebrated on November 20 to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child by the United Nations General Assembly on 20 November 1959. Recent initiatives: Universal Children's Day is not just a day for children to celebrate who they are, but to bring awareness to children around the world who have experienced violence in the form of abuse, exploitation and discrimination. In some countries children are used as laborers, Currently, there are about 153 million children between the ages of 5 and 14 who are forced into child labour. In 1999 the International Labour Organization adopted the prohibition and elimination of the worst forms of child labour, including slavery, child prostitution and child pornography. A summary of rights under the Convention on the Rights of the Child can be found on the UNICEF website. The UN children's agency released a study that says that the population growth of children will make up 90 percent of the next billion people. Dates around the world: The officially recognized date of Children's Day varies from country to country. On November 20, 1959, the United Nations General Assembly declared World Children's Day on November 20 to commemorate the Declaration of the Rights of the Child. Children's Day of India: Children's Day is celebrated all over India to raise awareness about children's rights, care and education. It is celebrated every year on November 14 as a tribute to India's first Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru. Fondly known as "Chacha Nehru" among children, Jawaharlal Nehru advocated for children to get a full education. On this day, many educational and motivational programs are organized by and for children all over India. Nehru's social policies: Education: Jawaharlal Nehru was a passionate advocate of education for India's children and youth, who considered it essential for India's future progress. His government oversaw the establishment of several institutions of higher education, including the All-India Institute of Medical Sciences, Indian Institutes of Technology, Indian Institutes of Management and National Institutes of Technology. Nehru also underlined a commitment in his five-year plans to guarantee free and compulsory primary education to all children in India. For this purpose, Nehru oversaw the creation of large-scale rural enrolment programmes and the construction of thousands of schools. Nehru had also launched initiatives like providing free milk and food to children to fight malnutrition.

  • Dev Deepawali | Happy Dev Deepawali | Dev Deepawali 2022 | Kartik Purnima | Dev Deepawali 2022 |

    Dev Deepawali 2022: Devdiwali: Devdiwali is the festival of Kartik Purnima which is celebrated in Varanasi and Mathura Vrindavan in Uttar Pradesh. This is the culture and tradition of Kashi, the oldest city in the world. It is celebrated fifteen days after Deepawali. Image: Varanasi Decoration From Ravidas Ghat to the last of Rajghat, the river Ganga is worshiped by lighting crores of lamps and Ganga is given the honor of mother. The tradition of Devdivali was first started in Panchganga Ghat in 1995 by lighting thousands of lamps. Kashi invented a new chapter globally by introducing modernity in ancient tradition and culture. Due to which this world famous event has started attracting people. In this festival of gods, there are mutual participants- Kashi, Ghats of Kashi, people of Kashi. Devdivali, the festival of gods, which was converted into a festival by the people of Kashi with social support and made world famous. With the light of innumerable lamps and chandeliers, the temples, palaces, buildings, monasteries and ashrams located on the banks and ghats of Ravidas Ghat to Adikeshava Ghat and Varuna river are illuminated, as if the entire sky ganga has come down in Kashi. Historical ghats of religious and cultural city Kashi But on Kartik Purnima, mother flows parallel to the stream of Ganga. It is believed that on the day of Kartik Purnima, the gods celebrate Diwali and on this day the gods entered Kashi. It is believed that tripurashur demon ruled in all the three lokas, the gods pleaded for salvation from Tripurashur demon in front of Lord Shiva. Lord Shiva killed the demon on the day of Kartik Purnima and freed everyone from his atrocities. And called Tripurari. Pleased with this, the gods celebrated Deepotsav by lighting a lamp in heaven, since then Devdiwali was celebrated on Kartik Purnima. Regarding the celebration of Devdivali festival in Kashi, it is believed that King Divodas had banned the entry of gods in his kingdom Kashi. On the day of Kartik Purnima, Lord Shiva came to the Panchganga Ghat of Kashi and meditated after bathing in the Ganges, when King Divodas came to know about this, he ended the entry restriction of the gods. On this day, all the gods entered Kashi and celebrated Deepawali by lighting a lamp. Devdiwali is a divine festival. Millions of lamps of illuminated soil float on the holy water of river Ganga. The steps of various ghats and surrounding majestic plush buildings with an equal number are filled with a strong aroma of incense and sacred chanting of mantras. There is a religious fervour on this occasion. It is a wonderful place for an outsider, but for those Indians it is time to worship the holy Ganges. It falls on the full moon day of the Hindu month of Kartik (November-December). Dev Deepawali also begins which is the culmination of the long month on the day of Kartik Festival, Sharad Purnima. Many departures have described Deepavali celebrations literally fit for the gods. In these ceremonies, several million earthen lamps are lit at sunset on the steps of the ghat when among others are also recorded by Ptolemy and Huang Tsang. Varanasi is a very special river festival, and it is a must visit for all visitors to a holy city. History: Dev Deepawali is celebrated every year in Varanasi on the fifteenth day of Diwali in connection with the Ganga by pilgrims. Keeping the moon in mind, it is held in the month of Kartik on Kartik Purnima. It is celebrated by people with great trumpets and pada. In Hinduism, Dev Deepawali is celebrated in the belief of the gods landing on earth on this grand example. Another myth of celebrating Dev Deepawali is that Tripura Sur demon was killed by the gods on this day, so it was named as Dev Deepawali and celebrated as the victory day of the gods on Kartik Purnima. Beginning: The program is started by Ganpati Vandana after laying a garland of flowers. Dev Deepawali is presented by 21 Brahmin and Vedic mantras and 41 girls. Ta is. After lighting the lamp, Maha aarti becomes the main attraction of the day which is held at Dashashwamedh Ghat. Dance performances by great artists of Varanasi. In this way all cultural programs are organized under event dance and Ganga Aarti. In this way, almost all the ghats in the form of Assi Ghat, Suparshvanath Ghat, Panchganga Ghat, Kedar Ghat, Ahilya Bai Ghat, Main Mandir Ghat are filled with crowd and happiness. A 12 feet statue of Goddess Ganga becomes the center of attraction on this day. People are very happy on this occasion and also travel in a boat. On this great occasion, devotees and pilgrims take a holy bath in the holy water of Ganga in the morning. Akhand Ramayana is organized with the allotment of Bhog Prasad in many houses in Varanasi.

  • Lunar eclipse | Types of lunar eclipse | Blood moon |Chandra Grahan 2022|

    Chandra Grahan 2022: Lunar eclipse: A lunar eclipse occurs when the Moon moves into the Earth's shadow. This can occur only when the Sun, Earth, and Moon are exactly or very closely aligned (in syzygy) with Earth between the other two, which can happen only on the night of a full moon when the Moon is near lunar node. The type and length of a lunar eclipse depend on the Moon's proximity to the lunar node. The reddish color of a totally eclipsed Moon is caused by Earth completely blocking direct sunlight from reaching the Moon, with the only light reflected from the lunar surface has been refracted by Earth's atmosphere. This light appears reddish for the same reason that a sunset or sunrise does: the Rayleigh scattering of blue light. Unlike a solar eclipse, which can only be viewed from a relatively small area of the world, a lunar eclipse may be viewed from anywhere on the night side of Earth. A total lunar eclipse can last up to nearly 2 hours, while a total solar eclipse lasts only up to a few minutes at any given place, because the Moon's shadow is smaller. Also, unlike solar eclipses, lunar eclipses are safe to view without any eye protection or special precautions, as they are dimmer than a normal full Moon. Types of lunar eclipse: Earth's shadow can be divided into two distinctive parts: the umbra and penumbra. Earth totally occludes direct solar radiation within the umbra, the central region of the shadow. However, since the Sun's diameter appears about one-quarter of Earth's in the lunar sky, the planet only partially blocks direct sunlight within the penumbra, the outer portion of the shadow. Blood moon: Certain lunar eclipses have been referred to as "blood moons" in popular articles but this is not a scientifically recognized term. This term has been given two separates, but overlapping, meanings. The first, and simpler, meaning relates to the reddish color a totally eclipsed Moon takes on to observers on Earth. As sunlight penetrates the atmosphere of Earth, the gaseous layer filters and refracts the rays in such a way that the green to violet wavelengths on the visible spectrum scatter more strongly than the red, thus giving the Moon a reddish cast. The second meaning of "blood moon" has been derived from this apparent coloration by two fundamentalist Christian pastors, Mark Blitz and John Hagee. They claimed that the 2014–15 "lunar tetrad" of four lunar eclipses coinciding with the feasts of Passover and Tabernacles matched the "moon turning to blood" described in the Book of Joel of the Hebrew Bible. This tetrad was claimed to herald the Second Coming of Christ and the Rapture as described in the Book of Revelation on the date of the first of the eclipses in this sequence on 15 April 2014. Subscribe Techgotest and press 🛎 Icon and select all. 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  • Assam Direct Recruitment result 2022: Grade 3 result Declared at link to Check

    Image: Board of Secondary Education, Assam State Level Recruitment Commission (SLRC) Assam has declared grade 3 recruitment examination results, scroll down for the direct link to check scorecard. Assam Direct Recruitment Result 2022: State Level Recruitment Commission (SLRC) Assam has declared grade 3 recruitment examination results. Candidates can now check Assam Direct Recruitment grade 3 result on the official website of SEBA, Earlier, the Assam Board of Secondary Education declared the Direct Recruitment Result 2022 for Grade 4 posts on, October 18, 2022. The Assam Direct Recruitment Result for Grade 4 was released on the official website – How to check Assam SLRC Grade 3 results 2022: Direct link to check the result Once released, candidates can check the Assam direct recruitment results 2022 following the simple steps given below Visit the official website- On the home page, click on the link for Assam SLRC Grade 3 result 2022 Entre the required credentials like registration number, date of birth etc and log in Download your Assam Grade 3 result and take a printout for future reference The Assam Direct Recruitment Commission released the Grade 3 and 4 recruitment notification for a total of 26,442 vacancies, of which 13,300 vacancies for Grade 3 posts and 13,341 for Grade 4 posts. As per the reports, over four lakh candidates appeared for the examination.


    CENTRAL TEACHER ELIGIBILITY TEST {CTET} 20222: Introduction: In accordance with the provisions of sub-section (1) of Section 23 of the RTE Act, the National Council for Teacher Education (NCTE) vide Notification dated 23rd August,2010 and 29th JULY 2011 laid down the minimum qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher for class I to VIII. It had been inter alia provided that one of the essential qualifications for a person to be eligible for appointment as a teacher in any of the schools referred to in Clause (n) of section 2 of the RTE Act is that he/she should pass the Teacher Eligibility Test (TET) which will be conducted by the appropriate Government in accordance with the Guidelines framed by the NCTE. The Ministry of Education, Govt. of India has entrusted the responsibility of conducting the Central Teacher Eligibility Test (CTET) to the Central Board of Secondary Education Delhi. Candidates are advised to refer only authentic Textbooks and syllabus suggested by NCTE for preparation in area of education. Exam process is open, fair and transparent, qualifying CTET is purely on merit, capability and sincere preparation through authentic Textbooks. STRUCTURE AND CONTENT OF CTET: All questions in CTET will be Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs), with four alternatives out of which one answer will be most appropriate. Each carrying one mark and there will be no negative marking. There will be two papers of CTET. (i) Paper I will be for a person who intends to be a teacher for classes I to V. (ii) Paper II will be for a person who intends to be a teacher for classes VI to VIII. Note: A person who intends to be a teacher for both levels (classes I to V and classes VI to VIII) will have to appear in both the papers (Paper I and Paper II). Paper I (for Classes I to V) Primary Stage; Duration of examination-Two-and-a-half hours Structure and Content (All Compulsory): (i) Child Development and Pedagogy (compulsory) 30 MCQs Marks (ii) Language I (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks (iii) Language II (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks (iv) Mathematics 30 MCQs 30 Marks (v) Environmental Studies 30 MCQs 30 Marks Total 150 MCQs 150 Mark Paper II (for Classes VI to VIII) Elementary Stage: Duration of examination - Two-and-a-half hours Structure and Content (All Compulsory): (i) Child Development & Pedagogy(compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks (ii) Language I (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks (iii) Language II (compulsory) 30 MCQs 30 Marks (iv) Mathematics and Science 60 MCQs 60 Marks (for Mathematics and Science teacher) OR (v) Social Studies/Social Science 60 MCQs 60 Marks (for Social Studies/Social Science teacher) *For any other teacher - either (IV) or (V) Total 150 MCQs 150 Marks QUALIFYING MARKS AND AWARD OF CTET CERTIFICATE: As per NCTE Notification No. 76-4/2010/NCTE/Acad dated 11.02.2011: A person who scores 60% or more in the TET exam will be considered as TET pass. (a) School managements (Government, local bodies, government aided and unaided) may consider giving concessions to person belonging to SC/ST, OBC, differently abled persons, etc., in accordance with their extant reservation policy. (b) Should give weightage to the CTET scores in the recruitment process however, qualifying the CTET would not confer a right on any person for recruitment/employment as it is only one of the eligibility criteria for appointment. EXAMINATION FEE FOR CENTRAL TEACHER ELEGIBILITY TEST: CATEGORY Only Paper - I or II Both Paper - I & II General/OBC (NCL) Rs.1000/- Rs.1200/- SC/ST/Differently Abled Person Rs.500/- Rs.600/- GST as applicable will be charged extra by the Banks Fee once remitted shall not be refunded or adjusted for future test under any circumstances. Subscribe Techgotest and press 🛎 Icon and select all. (4) Techgotest - YouTube Visit our website Follow us on twitter Follow us on Facebook Follow us on Instagram Follow us on Facebook Page Follow us on LinkedIn Page Follow us on LinkedIn


    Twitter: Twitter is a microblogging and social networking service owned by American company Twitter, Inc., on which users post and interact with messages known as "tweets". Registered users can post, like, and retweet tweets, while unregistered users only have a limited ability to read public tweets. Users interact with Twitter through browser or mobile frontend software, or programmatically via its APIs. Prior to April 2020, services were accessible via SMS. Tweets were originally restricted to 140 characters, but the limit was doubled to 280 for non-CJK languages in November 2017. Audio and video tweets remain limited to 140 seconds for most accounts. On April 25, 2022, the Twitter board of directors agreed to a $44 billion buyout by Elon Musk, making it one of the biggest deals to turn a company private. After a protracted period of controversy and legal battles, the deal closed on October 27. Deleting your Twitter account: After your 30-day deactivation window, your Twitter account is permanently deleted. When you don’t log into your account during the 30-day window, it lets us know you want to permanently delete your Twitter account. Once your account is deleted, your account is no longer available in our systems. You won’t be able to reactivate your previous account and you won’t have access to any old Tweets. Once your account is deleted after the 30-day deactivation window, your username will be available for registration by other Twitter accounts. Top things to know before deactivating your account: Here are a few things to keep in mind if you’ve decided to deactivate or delete your Twitter account: • Deleting your Twitter account won’t delete your information from search engines like Google or Bing because Twitter doesn’t control those sites. There are steps you can take if you contact the search engine. • When you deactivate your Twitter account, mentions of your account’s username in other’s Tweets will still exist. However, it will no longer link to your profile as your profile will no longer be available. If you would like the content to be reviewed under the Twitter Rules, you may file a ticket here. • You don’t have to delete your account to change the username or email associated with your Twitter account. Go to Account information to update that anytime. • Logging into your twitter account within the 30-day deactivation window easily restores your twitter account. • If you want to download your Twitter data, you’ll need to request it before you deactivate your twitter account. Deactivating your twitter account does not remove data from Twitter systems. • Twitter may retain some information on your deactivated account to ensure the safety and security of its platform and people using Twitter.

  • Bhai Dooj | Happy Bhai Dooj | bhaiya dooj | bhaiya dooj 2022 |

    As everyone knows, India is such a country that there is a fair or festival coming here throughout the year, people here have a very deep faith in these fairs and festivals. People of India celebrate these festivals and fairs with great enthusiasm, one of them is the festival of Bhai Dooj. Bhai Dooj or Fraternal Dwitiya is celebrated on the second day of Shukla Paksha in Kartik month. The festival of Bhai Dooj is celebrated like Raksha Bandhan, the only difference is that Rakhi is not tied on the brother's wrist but tilak is applied on the forehead. The festival of Bhai Dooj is celebrated on the next day of Govardhan Puja. This year, Bhai Dooj will be celebrated on October 27. Yama Dwitiya: Bhai Dooj is a Hindu festival celebrated on the second day of the Shukla Paksha of Kartik month, which is also known as Yama Dwitiya. It is a festival that comes two days after Deepawali, which expresses the affection of the sister towards the brother and the sisters wish for the happiness of their brother. Legend of Bhai Dooj: According to the legend of Bhai Dooj, Yamraj was called by his sister Yamuna several times to meet him, but Yama could not go. When he came to meet his sister one day, his sister was very happy and he fed Yamraj with great love and respect and wished him happiness by applying tilak, just as all the sisters pray to God for the happiness of their brother. Happy, Yamraj asked sister Yamuna to ask for a boon. Then Yamuna asked that in this way you come to my house every year on the second day of Shukla Paksha of Kartik month. Since then, it has been believed that on this day, any brother who goes to his sister's house and eats in her house and makes the sister tilak, then he will not be afraid of Yama and premature death. Yamraj accepted this boon of his and since then it was celebrated as a festival. popular law: Five conical shapes are made from rice solution on a Uch asana (Modha, generation). Vermilion is put in the middle of it. In the front, there is clean water, 6 kumhara flowers, vermilion, 6 betel leaves, 6 betel nuts, large cardamom, small cardamom, Harre, nutmeg etc. Marigold flower can also remain if there is no kumhara flower. The sister washes her brother's feet. After this, she sits on the Uch asana (modhe, generation) and Anjali-tied and applies rice solution and vermilion in both the hands of the brother. She puts honey, cow's ghee, sandalwood in her hand. After this, the brother's anjali gives betel leaf, betel nut, kumhare flower, nutmeg, etc. and says - "Yamuna invited Yama, I am inviting my brother; The bigger the stream of Yamuna ji, the bigger my brother's age. Saying this, Anjali pours water into her. In this way, it does it three times, then washes hands and feet with water and wipes it with a cloth. gets vaccinated. It is then fed roasted makhan. The brother gives gifts to the sister according to his ability. After this, food of the best substances is provided. bhai dooj 2022 date, Bhai Dooj, Happy Bhai Dooj, bhaiya dooj kab hai, bhai dooj 2022 date and time, bhai dooj kab hai, bhaiya dooj kab hai 2022, भाई दूज कब है, bhaiya dooj kab ki hai, भैया दूज कब है, bhaiya dooj, भाई दूज कब है 2022, bhai dooj muhurat 2022, bhai dooj kab hai 2022, bhai dooj wishes, bhaiya dooj 2022, bhai dooj muhurat, भैया दूज कब की है, bhaiya dooj kab ki hai 2022,

  • Diwali | Deepavali 2022 | Diwali Puja 2022 | Lights | Diya | Cracker |

    Deepavali: Deepawali (Sanskrit: Deepavalih = Deep + Avalih = row of lamps, or lamps placed in a row) is an ancient Sanatan festival celebrated every year in autumn. It is celebrated on the Amavasya of Kartik month and is one of the biggest and most important festivals of India. Deepawali is the festival of lights. Spiritually it signifies the 'victory of light over darkness'. Among all the festivals celebrated in India, Deepawali is of great importance both socially and religiously. It is also called Deepotsav. 'Tamso Ma Jyotirgamaya' means (Oh God!) lead me from darkness to light. This is the command of the Upanishads. It is also celebrated by the people of Sikh, Buddhist and Jain religion. People of Jainism celebrate it as Mahavir's Salvation Day and the Sikh community celebrates it as Bandi Chhor Diwas. It is believed that on the day of Deepawali, King Ram of Ayodhya returned after his fourteen years of exile. The hearts of the people of Ayodhya were filled with the arrival of their most beloved king. The people of Ayodhya lit ghee lamps to welcome Shri Ram. That night of the dense Kali Amavasya of Kartik month was illuminated with the light of lamps. Since then, Indians celebrate this festival of lights every year with joy and gaiety. Indians believe that truth always wins, lies are destroyed. This is what Deepawali does Deepawali is a festival of cleanliness and light. Preparations for Deepawali begin several weeks in advance. People start cleaning their houses, shops etc. The work of repair, painting, whitewashing etc. starts in the houses. People also decorate shops cleanly. The streets in the markets are also decorated with golden flags. Even before Diwali, houses, localities, markets are all clean and decorated. Word origin: The word Deepawali is derived from a mixture of two Sanskrit words 'Deep' i.e. 'Diya' and 'Avali' i.e. 'Line' or 'Series'. It is important to know here that the use of each pure word depends on its meaning. The pure word is "Deepawali", which is made up of 'deep' (lamp) and 'avali' (row). Which means 'row of lamps'. The word 'lamp' is composed from 'lamp'. History: Since ancient times in India, Deepawali was depicted as a festival after the summer harvest in the Kartik month of Vikram Samvat. Deepawali is mentioned in Padma Purana and Skanda Purana. It is believed that these texts were written in the second half of the first millennium by elaborating any central text. The diya (lamp) is considered to represent the parts of the Sun in the Skanda Purana, the Sun which is the cosmic giver of light and energy for life and which changes its position in the month of Kartik according to the Hindu calendar.In some areas, Hindus also associate Deepawali with the story of Yama and Nachiketa. Nachiketa's narrative that tells about right versus wrong, knowledge versus ignorance, true wealth versus transient wealth, etc.; The history of Deepawali is also associated with Ramayana, it is believed that Shri Ram Chandra ji got Mother Sita released from ravana's captivity, and then took 14 years of exile after taking the fire test of Mother Sita and returned to Ayodhya. On the occasion of which the people of Ayodhya had lit lamps, since then the festival of Deepawali is celebrated. But you will be very surprised to know that Deepawali was celebrated only for 2 years in Ayodhya. Importance: Diwali is one of the biggest shopping seasons in Nepal and India; During this time, people buy expensive items like cars and gold ornaments and clothes, gifts, equipment, etc. for themselves and their families. People usually give sweets and dry fruits as gifts to their family members and friends. On this day children hear from their parents and elders about ancient stories, narratives, myths about the battle between good and evil or light and darkness. During this time, girls and women make rangoli and other creative patterns on the floor, near the door and on the paths. Young and adult assist each other in fireworks and lighting. The goddess of wealth and prosperity – Lakshmi or more than one deity is worshipped. On Diwali night, fireworks light up the sky. Later, family members and invited friends celebrate Deepawali at night with food and sweets. Changes in practices and customs are found on a regional basis. Group of Festivals Deepawali: Fairs are held at various places in India on the day of Deepawali. Deepawali is not a one-day festival but a group of festivals. Preparations for Deepawali begin only after Dussehra. People get new clothes stitched. The festival of Dhanteras comes two days before Deepawali. On this day, people gather all over the markets. Special decorations and crowds are seen at the kitchen shops. It is considered auspicious to buy utensils on the day of Dhanteras, so every family buys something according to their own needs. On this day, tulsi or a lamp is lit at the door of the house. This leads to Narak Chaturdashi or Chhoti Deepawali the next day. On this day, lamps are lit for Yama Puja. Diwali comes the next day. On this day, a variety of dishes are made in homes since morning. Idols of Kheel-Batashe, sweets, Khand toys, Lakshmi-Ganesh etc. are sold in the markets. Fireworks and firecracker shops are decorated everywhere. From the morning, people start distributing sweets and gifts at the homes of relatives, friends, relatives. On the evening of Deepawali, Lakshmi and Ganesha are worshiped. After the puja, people keep lamps and candles lit outside their homes. The lamps shining around look extremely beautiful. Markets and streets are illuminated with colorful electric bulbs. On the next day of Deepawali, Lord Shri Krishna lifted the Govardhan mountain on his finger and saved the drowning Brajwasis from Indra's wrath. On this day, people decorate their cows and bulls and worship them by making a mountain of cow dung. The next day is the festival of Bhai Dooj. Bhai Dooj is also known as Yama II. On this day, there is a tradition of bathing in the Yamuna river by adding knots of brother and sister. On this day, the sister applies tilak on her brother's head and wishes for his well-being and the brother also gives her a gift in response. On the second day of Deepawali, traders change their old books. Tradition: This festival of victory of light over darkness spreads the message of joy, brotherhood and love in the society. This festival is a special festival celebrated both collectively and individually, which has religious, cultural and social uniqueness. The reasons and ways of celebrating Deepawali are different in every province or region, but this festival has been going on for many generations everywhere. How to Do Deepavali Puja : First of all, lay the idols of Ganesha and Lakshmi Mata in the middle of the red cloth laid on the post. Carefully place Lakshmi ji on the right side of Ganesha and keep the face of both the idols towards east and west direction. Now put gold and silver ornaments and 5 silver coins in front of both the idols as per the wish. This silver coin is the form of Kuber ji. On the right side of the idol of Lakshmi ji, make ashtadal from the achhat, that is, eight directions made with the finger from the middle to the outside and then place the kalash filled with water on it. Put some sandalwood panchratna betel nut mango or banana leaves inside the kalash and place the coconut tied to mauli in it. Fill clean water in a water vessel and tie mauli in it and add a little Ganga water to it. After this, place the rest of the worship material in front of the post. Put desi ghee in two large diyas and prepare mustard oil in eleven small diyas. Make a seat next to the outpost for all the people of the house to sit. Keep in mind that all these works will have to be done before the auspicious muhurat starts. Before the auspicious muhurat starts, all the people of the house should take a bath and wear new clothes and get ready and take the asana. Air pollution and other worrisome aspects: Along with other major festivals of the world, the impact of Deepawali on the environment and health is worth worrying.

  • Money| Functions| Monetary Policy| Money Laundering| Commodity

    Money: Money is any commodity or verifiable record generally accepted as payment of goods and services and repayment of loans such as taxes in a particular country or socio-economic context. A country's money supply includes all currencies in circulation (currently issued banknotes and coins) and, depending on the particular definition used, one or more types of bank funds (balances held in checking accounts, savings accounts, and other types of bank accounts). Bank money, the value of which exists on the books of financial institutions and can be converted into physical notes or used for cashless payments, is by far the largest share of widespread wealth in developed countries. Etymology: The word money derives from the Latin word Moneta which means "coin" through the French money. The Latin word is believed to have originated from a temple of Juno on the Capitoline, one of Rome's seven hills. In the ancient world, Juno was often associated with money. History: That use of methods such as barter may date back to at least 100,000 years ago, although there is no evidence of a society or economy that relied primarily on barter. Instead, non-monetary societies operated largely with the principles of gift economy and debt. When barter actually took place, it was usually between complete strangers or potential enemies. Many cultures around the world eventually developed the use of commodity money. It is thought by modern scholars that these first stamped coins were minted around 650 to 600 BC. Paper money or banknotes were first used in China during the Song Dynasty. These banknotes, known as "jiaoji", the gold standard, a monetary system where the medium of exchange is paper notes that are pre-determined, convertible to certain amounts of gold, replaced the use of gold coins as currency in the 17th–19th centuries in Europe. These gold standard notes were made legal tender, and redemption in gold coins was discouraged. By the early 20th century, almost all countries had adopted the gold standard, supporting their legal tender notes with fixed amounts of gold. After World War II and the Bretton Woods Conference, most countries adopted fiat currencies that were fixed for the US dollar. The U.S. dollar was fixed for gold in return. In 1971 the U.S. government suspended the convertibility of the dollar to gold. Many countries then separated their currencies from the U.S. dollar, and most of the world's currencies went unbacked by anything except the ability of governments to convert money into goods through fiat and payment of legal tender. According to proponents of modern money theory, fiat money is also supported by taxes. By imposing taxes, states create demand for currency issued by them. Functions: Money is a matter of actions, A medium, a measure, a standard, a store. Most modern textbooks now list only three works, that of the medium of exchange, the unit of account, and the repository of value, not considering the standard of deferred payment as an iconic function, but rather subsuming it into others. Money supply: In economics, money is any financial instrument that can carry out the functions of money. These financial instruments are collectively known as the money supply of the economy. The most commonly used monetary aggregates (or types of money) are the traditionally named M1, M2, and M3. These are successively larger total categories: M1 is currency (coins and bills) plus demand deposits (e.g. checking accounts); M2M1 Plus has savings accounts and time deposits less than $100,000; M3M2 Plus are large time deposits and similar institutional accounts. M1 includes only the most liquid financial instruments, and M3 relatively illiquid instruments. equipment. The exact definition of M1, M2, etc. may vary in different countries. M0 is the only money that can meet the reserve requirements of commercial banks. Types of Money: Monetary policy: Modern monetary systems are based on fiat money and are no longer linked to the value of gold. The control of the amount of money in the economy is known as monetary policy. Monetary policy is the process by which a government, central bank or monetary authority manages the supply of funds to achieve specific goals. A failed monetary policy can have a significant detrimental effect on an economy and the society that depends on it. Governments and central banks have adopted both regulatory and free market approaches to monetary policy. Some of the tools used to control the money supply include: changing the interest rate at which the central bank loans money to (or borrows money from) the commercial banks currency purchases or sales increasing or lowering government borrowing increasing or lowering government spending manipulation of exchange rates raising or lowering bank reserve requirements regulation or prohibition of private currencies taxation or tax breaks on imports or exports of capital into a country Financial crimes:

  • Gandhi Jayanti| Mahatma Gandhi| 2 October| Mahatma Gandhi's 153rd birthday

    Gandhi Jayanti: Gandhi Jayanti is an event celebrated in India to mark the birthday of Mahatma Gandhi. It is celebrated annually on 2 October and is one of the three national holidays of India. The UN General Assembly announced on 15 June 2007 that it adopted a resolution which declared that 2 October will be celebrated as the International Day of Non-Violence as he was a non-violent freedom fighter. He is also known as the "Father of The Nation" and this title was given to him by Netaji Subhash Chandra Bose for his relentless struggles for independence.

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